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Mapping the Trail of Tears in Southern Illinois Exhibit

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Trail of Tears in Pope County, IL

old golconda road pope county IL Click Photo To Englarge

Old Golconda Road, which the Cherokee took as they headed west from Golconda.

steam powered ferry on river Click Photo To Englarge

Steam powered ferryboat operating on the Ohio River in the mid-1800’s. The Cherokee may have used a similar boat. The ferry the Cherokee used to cross the Ohio River, was known as Berry's Ferry and was powered by steam.

Pope County
Saturday. [December 15th 1838]

Early in the morning the detachment started for the river, and commenced crossing...

On going up from the boats into the village, called Golconda, it seemed to be made up chiefly of groceries, and little boys in the streets had already learned to lisp the infernal language.

I almost longed to be back in the still, quiet towns of Kentucky...First went on to the place designated for camping about a mile and a half from the river...commenced making preparation for supper, we were told by a white man living near, that that was not the place...

We therefore harnessed, and leaving our fire & wood, went on...We again selected a place for our tent...

My dear wife had also made her tea, when word came that we must not camp there, as the owner would not allow the Cherokees to cut or burn any wood...It was now nearly dark...we were quite tired and hungry, yet we... prepare for another encampment, about a mile distant.

Rev. Daniel Butrick


In 1838, Golconda, located on the banks of the Ohio River, was a small village of about 150 inhabitants. Peck’s Gazetteer of Illinois, published in 1837, lists three stores, one grocery, two taverns and about twenty dwelling houses.

downtown golconda from the horse and buggy daysClick Photo To Englarge

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